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Breast aesthetic surgery
Aesthetic breast surgery is today the most common procedure performed by an aesthetic surgeon. The chest is the most important and unique part of a woman’s body, carrying on its own anatomical, physiological and aesthetic functions. A proportional and harmonic chest is a very important feminine trait, a sign of fertility and sexuality. It is not surprising that breast plays an important role in a woman’s self-confidence.
The general categories of aesthetic breast surgery, or Mammoplasty are:
- Breast Enlargement
- Breast reduction
- Breast Reconstruction
- Lifting the chest
Breast enlargement is performed to increase the appearance, size and contours of the female breasts. Women address breast enlargement for various reasons. Some feel that their breast is too small, some want this intervention after feeling that their breasts have changed after pregnancy, and others want to correct asymmetry in the size between two breasts.
Breast enlargement is performed with implants, which are placed below or above the chest muscle. The ischemia is performed on the axillaries (armpit), the areola (the area circulates the chest), or the lower part of the chest. Generally, breast enlargement is a minimally invasive procedure. In cases where the incision is performed in the armpit, the endoscope is used during the procedure.
The chest implants are constructed of a silicone wrap filled with silicone gel or saline. The choice is made by taking into consideration the patient’s wishes and the professional opinion of the surgeon, but recently, implants filled with saline are done more often.
Breast enlargement is a procedure already known and somewhat predictable, but consultations with a doctor need to be made to know the complications or potential risks.
Breast reduction is performed in those girls and women who have large or heavy breasts and experience discomfort in the neck, back, and fatigue due to their chest weight. During this procedure, skin, fat and excess tissues are removed. After surgery, chest reduction can cause changes in breast sensitivity or inability to breastfeed.
Breast reconstruction surgery is usually performed in women who have undergone mastectomy as a result of breast cancer treatment or prevention. During surgery, the breast is recreated with the desired appearance, volume, and shape. The head of the chest and the areola are recreated. During this surgery, of course, they lose part of the sensitivity and function of the chest because it is interfering with the sensory nerves and the milk glands.
The appearance, shape, and size of the chest can be recreated with implants or tissue obtained from the body of the woman, generally are used tissues from the lower abdominal wall. Other options for autologous implants are muscle, skin or fat from the hips. If only one breast is to be rebuilt, what is required is the symmetry of the other breast. Breast reconstruction can be performed at any time after mastectomy.
Lifting of the breast (Mastopexy)
In some women, the skin is not strong or elastic enough to hold the chest weight and the chest hangs. In these conditions, there is more skin than chest tissues, so there is a need to remove excess skin.
There are several techniques for this type of interference:
- The incision is performed in the shape of the anchor around the chest and below the chest.
- The incision goes around the areoles and downwards.
- The incision is carried out only around the areola.
This type of interference may leave marks in the skin that are permanent but can be minimized by dermatological or aesthetic techniques or techniques.